COVID-19 has taught us the internet is critical and needs public interest oversight, Digital threats to campaign 2020: Fake nudes, doctored images, and widespread disinformation, Platform data access is a lynchpin of the EU’s Digital Services Act, What the European DSA and DMA proposals mean for online platforms, The consequences of social media’s giant experiment. To top it off, because of the low gravity and thick atmosphere, humans on Titan could fly—just by jumping up and flapping their arms. Who can even envision the incredible feeling of being the first human in history to step out of the capsule and leave your footprint on the surface of Mars? For a few reasons, yes, humans should colonize Mars. We’ve got some awesome news for you. To their enthusiasts, giant space colonies and human habitats on Mars offer not only sites to develop a better society but also places where we may modify humans themselves, partly … We Should Go to Mars By Robert Zubrin. The rover is equipped with sophisticated instruments designed to search for the remains of ancient microbial life, take pictures and videos of rocks, drill for soil and rock samples, and use a small helicopter to fly around the Jezero Crater landing spot. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! In the future, we should expect large payoffs in commercial developments from Mars exploration and advances that bring new conveniences and inventions to people… Voting has ended. Titan has many other Earth-like qualities that could help us learn more about our home planet. Mars is the closest thing we have to Earth in the entire solar system, and that’s not saying much. Going to Mars is hard and it is even harder for humans because we would need to pack everything to survive the trip to our neighbouring planet and back. Many spacecraft have died trying to get to Mars. Other places in our solar system might be easier to explore, such as one of Saturn’s moons. NASA, the U.S. space agency, is already developing the technology to make such a trip possible. In addition, several private companies, such as SpaceX, are working on spacecraft and other tech with a goal of putting people on Mars in the next decade or two. The facts are there, and Earth is getting much hotter, much quicker. The mission represents the first step in a long-term effort to bring Martian samples back to Earth, where they can be analyzed for residues of microbial life. In short, colonizing Mars would pose daunting challenges. Imagine living on another planet, millions of miles from the Earth; looking up into the sky with the knowledge that one of the 'stars' is actually the planet you were born on. Senior Scientist, Planetary Science Institute and author of Beyond Earth: Our Path to a New Home in the Planets. It is important to explore Mars, and humans play a valuable role in that research. Though robotic spacecraft can do a lot, they lack the critical firsthand experience that can only be captured by humans. Elon Musk has been known to reiterate the importance … Though likely to be far in the future, human exploration of Titan could inspire upcoming generations of scientists and engineers to reach for distant locations in our solar system and beyond—and could help us better understand Earth. On the other hand, we shouldn’t use this as an excuse to pollute the Earth, or let global warming run amok. But thanks to major scientific advance­ments, reaching—and surviving on—the Red Planet could become  a reality in our life­time. NASA has detailed many of the spi… Masses of New Information Some astronomers say that a trip to Mars is the gateway to traveling to the rest of our universe If there was life anywhere else in our solar system, it would be on Mars We can learn all about new ecosystems and other environmental factors that may come Could humans eventually live on Mars? This is what Mars might look like after trillions of dollars worth of terraforming. Why should humans go to Mars? The InSight mission hopes to improve the odds. That would be my preference. Many aspects of our modern lives would not be possible if it were not for our interest in space. And that’s what we should be doing on Mars. As noted in my Brookings book, Megachange, given the centrality of these issues for fundamental questions about human existence and the meaning of life, it would represent a far-reaching shift in existing human paradigms. A report concluded that NASA has no chance of sending humans to Mars by 2033, with the earliest such a mission could be flown being the late 2030s. Located roughly 745 million miles from Earth, it has a thick atmosphere that provides protection from dangerous radiation. Sending a manned mission to Mars is a fantastic adventure. ... Mars (NASA/JPL/USGS) Fears that water-consuming microbes from the Red Planet would desiccate Earth are absurd. If Humans go to Mars, they’ll have no choice but to bring with them their microbes — this is inevitable. It also has wind, weather, and seasons similar to Earth’s, and many resources to build a self-sustaining settlement. Figuring out how weightlessness and low gravity situations alter human performance and how space radiation affects people represent just a couple areas where there are likely to be positive by-products for future travel. Because we have to wait for the orbits to line up just right, the minimum length for a there-and-back-again mission to Mars is about 18 months. Experts are working hard to get humans on the surface of Mars in a matter of decades, which begs the question: why? For one thing, space is a very hazardous place for humans. NASA is developing the capabilities needed to send humans to an asteroid by 2025 and Mars in the 2030s goals outlined in the bipartisan NASA Authorization Act of 2010 and in the U.S. National Space Policy, also issued in 2010. The next decade promises to be an exciting period as scientists mine new data from space telescopes, space travel, and robotic exploration. NASA Astronaut Explains Why We Should Send Humans To Mars (VIDEO) By Bianca Bosker. The longer astronauts are in space, both traveling to Mars and on the surface of the planet, the more they’re exposed to these rays and the more damage they’re likely to experience. It is important to explore Mars, and humans play a valuable role in that research. That reason is That we almost did not achieve the Moon manned missions. On the other hand, we shouldn’t use this as an excuse to pollute the Earth, or let global warming run amok. Guidance for the Brookings community and the public on our response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) », Learn more from Brookings scholars about the global response to coronavirus (COVID-19) ». Mars, on the other hand, is a totally separate planet that evolved on its own, had lots of cool geology (there are some really, really tall inactive volcanoes on Mars). The time it takes for humans to reach Mars is 9 months and as of today, no one has been able to recreate Earth’s gravity in space. "Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … The author would like to thank Victoria E. Hamilton, staff scientist at the Southwest Research Institute, for her helpful feedback on this blog post. You read that right. The recent launch of the Mars rover Perseverance is the latest U.S. space mission seeking to understand our solar system. Isn't our planet beautiful enough? Plans include landing on Mars for exploration at a minimum, with the possibility of sending settlers and terraforming the planet or exploring its moons Phobos and Deimos also considered. Terrifyingly, impossibly huge. expected arrival at the Red Planet in mid-February. In particular, space radiation, especially galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), is dangerous. In an op-ed, Obama announced a 'clear goal' to send humans to Mars 'with the ultimate ambition to … Mars is typically a lot colder than humans — and the foods we eat — prefer for optimal growth and comfort, so one of the first things we should look for is a relatively warm site. It is better to hold off disasters at home than to assume all is lost. It took three days for the Apollo missions to get to the moon. Going to Mars is Necessary for Human Survival. Actually, attempting to eventually send humans to Mars is a pricey, risky leap. Similar to Earth, Mars is tilted 25 degrees relative to its orbit around the Sun, which gives it Earth-like seasons. more Experts are working hard to get humans on the surface of Mars in a matter of decades, which begs the question: why? It would take well over a year to get there, work there and come back. We Should Really Go to Mars. The thing about space is that it’s huge. limits to humans. Why should we go to Mars? Figuring out how to harvest those materials in a safe and responsible manner and bring them back to Earth represents a possible benefit of space exploration. It would take over eleven years to get to Neptune. For instance, Titan has lakes and seas. 18 months of only a thin sheet of metal between you and the vacuum. Exploring space is beneficial for all of us. NASA is developing the capabilities needed to send humans to an asteroid by 2025 and Mars in the 2030s – goals outlined in the bipartisan NASA Authorization Act of 2010 and in the U.S. National Space Policy, also issued in 2010. NO. As with the early Moon excursions, we first should go to Mars, orbit it, and return safely to Earth. EARTH DOESN'T NEED A 'BACKUP' PLANET. Could Donald Trump claim a national security threat to shut down the internet? Human interplanetary mission is still beyond current technological and medical capabilities. The first humans on Mars would need to farm and establish a food source. The Apollo and other NASA missions led to developments in micro-electronincsthat later made it into household devices such as calculators and home computers. NASA will … Going to Mars is Necessary for Human Survival. This paper suggests that it is hard to find any strong rationale for human mission to Mars, which … The paltry amount of air that does exist on Mars is … Let's make our own planet worth living on and then perhaps we should talk about going to Mars. The Mars program will help with space tourism by improving engineering expertise with space docking, launches, and reentry and providing additional experience about the impact of space travel on the human body. Right now, you are standing on the edge of history. In the second instalment of his two-part feature on human missions to Mars, Dr Alexander Kumar asks whether we should send people to the Red Planet given our poor record managing this one. However, sending people to Mars for long periods of time would be extremely unsafe, and we shouldn’t do it. First of all, it’s not as if we’re sending humans out to space without preparation or planning; … But while most experts agree that we’ll one day be able to send humans to Mars, not all of them think we should. Check out Junior Scholastic At Home for our favorite stories and tools to kick off your year. Mars is physically hundreds of millions of kilometers away. The advent of space tourism will broaden human horizons in the same way international travel has exposed people to other lands and perspectives. Elon Musk laid out his plan to colonize Mars at a conference on Tuesday, but it was during the Q&A session that a woman asked one of the key questions: who will be … There are, of course, good reasons for exploring Mars. What can take a rover days and weeks to analyze, a person can study in just hours. Should we try to send humans to Mars? When you go to Mars, you need to have made the decision that you’re there permanently.” Aldrin is one of many who compares the first explorers on Mars to the European pioneers in North America, but he and others omit the pioneer’s tendency to plunder frontiers to destruction. Although robots have been extremely helpful in studying Mars, people will be even better. Scientists have had to figure out how to search for life in ancient rocks, drill for rock samples, take high resolution videos, develop flying machines in a place with gravity that is 40 percent lower than on Earth, send detailed information back to Earth in a timely manner, and take off from another planet. For much of our existence, humans have assumed that even primitive life was unique to Planet Earth and not present in the rest of the solar system, let alone the universe. For one thing, humans will be able to make quicker decisions, without having to rely on commands from scientists on Earth, like robots do. 18 months of weightlessness. Supporters of sending humans to Mars say learning more about it could help us understand our own planet. The space program has pioneered the miniaturization of scientific equipment and helped engineers figure out how to land and maneuver a rover from millions of miles away. One of the most crucial features of humanity is our curiosity about the life, the universe, and how things operate. Sometime soon, something’s gonna happen that will send you tumbling over into a whole new era of human evolution. President Obama says yes. Without the protection of a thick atmosphere like we have here on Earth, the particles can cause cancer and even brain damage. A human mission to Mars once seemed the stuff of science fiction. So attempting colonization should not be attempted as a first step, nor attempted anywhere near the first steps on a new planet. [citation needed]The exploration of Mars has been a goal of … In addition, humans will be able to move around the planet much faster than a robot can. The enormity of the storm is visible on the surface, making viewers wonder if Mars harbors not just inhospitable conditions but actual malice toward humans who dare to tread there. At NASA, we’re confident that one day humans will be able to travel to Mars, live and work there, and return safely to Earth. The site where Perseverance is expected to land is the place where experts believe 3.5 billion years ago held a lake filled with water and flowing rivers. It seems so far out, so detached from life on Earth, and in many ways it is. Humans can move faster than robots, and make quicker decisions. Scientist Stephen Hawking claims that humans need to colonize planets in the next 1,000 years to ensure survival. AKS, India . Face it, we're all screwed as a species on Earth if we continue to change our climate like we're doing now. Astronauts who have had this experience say it has altered their viewpoints and had a profound impact on their way of thinking. Space exploration required the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to learn how to communicate across wide distances, develop precise navigational tools, store, transmit, and process large amounts of data, deal with health issues through digital imaging and telemedicine, and develop collaborative tools that link scientists around the world. Humanity should focus its attention on more distant regions of the solar system (Ćirković & Vukotić, 2016; Napier, Asher, Bailey, & Steel, 2015). Similar to Earth, Mars is tilted 25 degrees relative to its orbit around the Sun, which gives it Earth-like seasons. Face it, we're all screwed as a species on Earth if we continue to change our climate like we're doing now. Plans include landing on Mars for exploration at a minimum, with the possibility of sending settlers and terraforming the planet or exploring its moons Phobos and Deimos also considered. We have constructed elaborate religious and philosophical narratives around this assumption and built our identity along the notion that life is unique to Earth. The Red Planet is a cold, dead place, with an atmosphere about 100 times thinner than Earth’s. A human mission to Mars once seemed the stuff of science fiction. But there are many reasons not to send people to another planet. The Curiosity rover, which is currently exploring Mars, can only travel about the length of a football field in one day. Then you'll love Junior Scholastic, our Social Studies classroom magazine for grades 6–8. NASA/AP. Improving the quality of life on Earth. Sorry! A human presence on Mars will inevitably change the environment. It is an ideal place to search for the residues of microbial life, test new technologies, and lay the groundwork for human exploration down the road. Humans should go to Mars to slowly work towards building a civilization there, according to Digital Trends. It takes between five months and a year to get to Mars and around five years to get to Jupiter. by Amitai Etzioni Eli Etzioni. Why did Marco Polo head east? Satellites help to keep us safe from severe weather, especially in Australia. Two scientists weigh in. But thanks to major advancements, reaching—and surviving on—the Red Planet could become a reality in our life-time. Stephen Hawking believed humans should go to moon before Mars, says Buzz Aldrin The Apollo 11 astronaut was recently awarded the Stephen Hawking Medal for Lifetime Achievement. It’s just a matter of time. You are being redirecting to Scholastic's authentication page... For more support materials, visit our Help Center. How many humans would we need to send to Mars in order to create a self-sustaining colony? Humans to Mars is Affordable and Achievable: Recent workshops and studies have also shown that missions to Mars are both achievable and affordable. Should Humans Go to Mars? —Amanda R. Hendrix, Ph.D. NASA, the U.S. space agency, and several private companies are already developing the technology to make such a trip possible. And there's also no reason to think that the same people who destroyed Earth wouldn't do the same to Mars, whether it be through environmental destruction or warfare or some other short-sighted venture. Well, then humanity should probably just go extinct. Simply put, on one hand we have the opportunity to explore a vast planet of unknown potential, and on the other hand we have a block of fancy cheese made to appease or curious senses. Life becomes a natural feature of the universe, not just a quirk of this odd little planet around this star.”. The possibility of sending humans to Mars has gained attention in recent years because members of the tech-industry have advocated for these plans. A human mission to Mars has been the subject of science fiction, aerospace engineering and scientific proposals since the 20th century. The facts are there, and Earth is getting much hotter, much quicker. The other rationale is that sending humans to Mars is a fancy feat that will merely appease our natural human curiosity. That big, cold, lonely lump of rock spinning through the endless void 54.6 million kilometers away? And a poor use of a great deal of money. For a start, there are more microbes in our body than even body cells — and we’re not even counting microbes in the air we’ll breathe in the ship and on the Mars base. Going to Mars requires similar inventiveness. Designing a Mars mission would be easier if we could use resources that are already available locally. Stephen Johnson If Humans go to Mars, they’ll have no choice but to bring with them their microbes — this is inevitable. Ten or twenty years from now, we may have answers to basic questions that have eluded humans for centuries, such as how ubiquitous life is outside of Earth, whether it is possible for humans to survive on other planets, and how planets evolve over time. Access this article and hundreds more like it with a subscription to Junior Scholastic magazine. We rely on satellites for communication, timing and positioning. TM ® & © 2019 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Mars, as close as it is, is a planet too far. While dust storms can pose severe habitability threats to humans on the surface, the interior of a lava tube should be sufficiently shielded from this threat. In an op-ed, Obama announced a 'clear goal' to send humans to Mars 'with the ultimate ambition to one day remain there for an extended time.'. “It means the universe is full of life. Mars is a valuable place for exploration because it can be reached in 6 ½ months, is a major opportunity for scientific exploration, and has been mapped and studied for several decades. A new study reveals the answer—and it could be decisive for the future of humanity. Other people, however, point out that making the long journey through space could threaten the astronauts’ health. Does it exist there today? A human mission to Mars has been the subject of science fiction, aerospace engineering and scientific proposals since the 20th century. The only way we can save humans is to move, and the only place we can move to is Mars. Under that ideology, humans would never leave the Earth, and we would still be sitting here at the bottom of the gravity well when the “killer asteroid” finally hits us. Exploring space provides a means to satisfy our thirst for knowledge and improve our understanding of ourselves and our place in the universe. What if it were a one way trip? Luckily, there’s a safer solar system destination for humans: Saturn’s moon Titan. What do you think? Apart from looking for life, why bother with a mission to send humans to Mars? Like, really far away. Humans would have to construct new theories about ourselves and our place in the universe. Should Humans Go to Mars? The mission plans to investigate whether microbial life existed on Mars billions of years ago and therefore that life is not unique to Planet Earth. No, Theology and No, Theology and Science, 17:3, 341-346, DOI: 10.1080/14746700.2019.1632524 Simply put, on one hand we have the opportunity to explore a vast planet of unknown potential, and on the other hand we have … NASA has been sending robots to study and collect information about the Red Planet since 1965. See final results below. Write a one-page argument essay explaining your answer, using facts from this article as supporting evidence. Beyond the study of life itself, there are a number of different benefits of Mars exploration. However, sending people to Mars for long periods of time would be extremely unsafe, and we shouldn’t do it. When asked in 2013 whether we should go to Mars , he answered: To cite this article: Linda Billings (2019) Should Humans Colonize Mars? A round-trip to Mars takes about 18 months, and there isn’t enough room on current spacecraft to carry all the food, water, and other items humans would need to survive. As noted by Chris McKay, a research scientist at NASA’s Ames Research Science Center, that would be an extraordinary discovery. The findings have inspired scientists to continue asking important questions, such as: Did life once exist on Mars? For a substantial fee, they can experience weightlessness, take in the views of the entire planet, see the stars from outside the Earth’s atmosphere, and witness the wonders of other celestial bodies. 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